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Saturday, May 14, 2011

Hijab For Men

Hijab For Men

Compiled from various sources , Edited by Adil Khan

We men are always most likely to point out things what a female has to do (like Hijab, dress modesty), while we (mens) usually dont follow whats written for us.

Or it seems we are not even aware of the correct ruling of the dress. 

How many of us (men) wear their trousers above the ankle ?

How many of us (men) sport a beard & trim their mustache ? 

Hijab And Clothing for Men

People usually only discuss Hijab in the context of women. However in the Holy Quran, Allah (swt) first mentions Hijab for men before Hijab for the women.

 “Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: That will make for greater purity for them: and Allah is well acquainted with all that they do”
(Surah Noor, chapter 24, verse 30)

The moment a man looks at a woman and if any brazen or unashamed thought comes to his mind, he should lower his gaze.  

1: Men are also required to cover their body parts that reveal body

For men, its compulsory for them to cover their body from navel to knees.

This has been confirmed in the narration of Abu Said al-Khudri who said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “A mans awrah is between his navel and his knees.”

Messenger of Allah (saw) said to Jabir, “Cover your thighs, for the thigh is the awrah.”

The Messenger of Allah (saw) also said to Hudhayfah when he had his thigh uncovered, “Do not reveal your thigh nor look at anybody elses thigh, whether he is alive or dead.”

And he said to Mumar when he passed him by with both his (Mumar’s) thighs uncovered, “O Mumar! Cover your thighs; the thigh is awrah.” 

2: Mens are required to lower their gaze strictly and not look up to women in public places intentionally.

“Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: That will make for greater purity for them: and Allah is well acquainted with all that they do”
(Surah Noor, chapter # 24, verse #30) 

A man by the ruling of Allah is not allowed to wear either silk or gold.
Islam has forbidden men from wearing silk and gold but has allowed it for women, as well as for men who have a skin problem and need to wear silk.

Ahmed, al-Tirmidhi and al-Nisai reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “Gold and silk are allowed for the women of my Ummah and forbidden for the men.” ‘

Umar ibn al-Khattab reported, “I heard the Messenger of Allah saying, ‘Do not wear silk, for one who wears it in this world will not wear it in the Hereafter.

Hadith - Sahih Al-Bukhari 7.693, Narrated Uqba bin Amir ....A silken Farruj was presented to Allahs Apostle and he put it on and offered the prayer in it. When he finished the prayer, he took it off violently as if he disliked it and said,"This (garment) does not befit those who fear Allah!"

”Men are only allowed to wear silk if it does not exceed three or four fingers in lying next to each other in width. 

Ahmed, Abu Dawud, al-Nisai, al-Tirmidhi and Muslim have reported on Umars authority that the Messenger of Allah (saw) had forbidden men from wearing silk except to the extent of two middle and index fingers joined together, as demonstrated by the Messenger of Allah (saw). 

In another narration, he (saw) forbade silk except to the extent of two, three or four fingers.

Islam has allowed the wearing of silk for sick male Muslims without any limit to the width. 

Al-Nisai, Abu Dawud, al-Bukhari, Ahmed and Ibn Majah reported on the authority of Anas that the Messenger of Allah (saw) permitted Abd al-Rahman ibn Auf and al-Zubayr to wear silk because they suffered from the problem of skin irritation. Some scholars have used silk as analogous to the wearing of gold for medical purposes.

As for the evidence regarding the forbidding of the wearing of gold for Muslim males, al-Tirmidhi reported on the authority of Imran ibn Hassin, as did Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, that the Messenger of Allah (saw) forbade them from wearing gold rings

All reported that the Prophet (peace be on him) took some silk in his right hand and some gold in his left, declaring, "These two are haram for the males among my followers."(Reported by Ahmad, Abu Daoud, al-Nisai, Ibn Hayyan, and lbn Majah, who reports the additional phrase, "but halal for the females.") '

On another occasion, referring to a silken garment, he said, "This is the dress of a man who has no character.''(Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

The Prophet (peace be on him) once saw a gold ring on a mans hand. He immediately took it from him and threw it down saying, Does a person pick up a piece of burning coal and hold it in his hand?
After the Prophet (peace be on him) had left the place, someone asked the man, Why do you not pick it up and benefit from it? 
He replied, No, by Allah! I shall not pick it up after the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) has thrown it away.
(Reported by Muslim.) 

4:Patterns/Marks In the Clothing: Simple Clothing Preferred

Hadith - Sunan of Abu Dawood, #4041, Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin, r.a.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) once prayed wearing a garment having marks. He looked at its marks. When he saluted, he said: Take this garment of mine to Abu Jahm, for it turned my attention just now in my prayer, and bring a simple garment without marks. 

Hadith - Muwatta 3.72 - Looking in the Prayer at What Distracts You From It
Yahya related to me from Malik from AIqama ibn Abi AIqama from his mother that Aisha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Abu Jahm ibn Hudhayfa gave the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a fine striped garment from Syria and he did the prayer in it. When he had finished he said, Give this garment back to Abu Jahm. I looked at its stripes in the prayer and they almost distracted me.' "

5: The clothes should be loose enough (not tight) that they do not disclose the figure.

I asked Jabir bin Abdullah about praying in a single garment. He said, "I traveled with the Prophet during some of his journeys, and I came to him at night for some purpose and I found him praying. At that time, I was wearing a single garment with which I covered my shoulders and prayed by his side. When he finished the prayer, he asked, O Jabir! What has brought you here?' I told him what I wanted. When I finished, he asked, O Jabir! What is this garment which I have seen and with which you covered your shoulders?' I replied, It is a (tight) garment.
He said, If the garment is large enough, wrap it round the body (covering the shoulders) and if it is tight (too short) then use it as an Izar (tie it around your waist only. -
Hadith - Sahih Bukhari 1.357, Narrated Said bin Al Harith   

6: The clothes should not be see-through such that one can see through them. 

7: The clothes should not be fashionable so that it will attract the opposite sex.

In this criteria avoid wearing bright colors like red, orange and so on.

The clothes should not look like that of the opposite sex.
Al-Bukhari, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nisai, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas that he said,“Allahs Messenger has cursed the women acting like men and the men acting like women.”

The Prophet (peace be on him) declared that a woman should not wear a mans clothing nor a man a woman's. He cursed men who imitate women and women who imitate men. 
(Reported by al-Bukhari and others.) 

Aspects of such imitation include the manner of speaking, walking, dressing, moving and so on. 

8: The clothes should not give the impression that of the non-believer

(like wearing cross or other religious symbol)

Abu Dawud reported on the authority of Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “Whoever acts like a people becomes one of them.” This is related to anything linked to their creed or dress, such as the garment or hats of the priests, bishops, cardinals, nuns etc, or like Jewish garments or anything that distinguishes them from other people. 

9 : Wearing White 

Hadith - Al-Tirmidhi 4623, Narrated Aisha, r.a. 
Allahs Messenger (peace be upon him) was questioned about Waraqah and Khadijah said to him, "He believed in you, but died before you appeared as a prophet." Allahs Messenger (peace be upon him) then said, "I was shown him in a dream, wearing white clothes, and if he had been one of the inhabitants of Hell he would have been wearing different clothing." [Ahmad and Tirmidhi transmitted it] 
Narrated Abu Dharr, r.a. I came to the Prophet while he was wearing white clothes and sleeping.... -
Hadith - Sahih Al-Bukhari 7.717,

10: Wearing Green 
Hadith - Sahih Al-Bukhari 7.705, Narrated Aisha, r.a.
When Allah's Apostle died, he was covered with a Hibra Burd (green square decorated garment
Hadith - Sunan of Abu Dawood, Narrated Abu Rimthah, r.a.
I went with my father to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and saw two green garments over him.

11: Wearing Plain Red NOT Allowed
It is permissible to wear red clothes if the red is combined with another colour; it is NOT permissible to wear plain red, because the Prophet (saws) forbade doing so.

The hadith which forbid wearing plain red

1. From al-Baraa ibn Aazib (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (saws) forbade us to use soft red mattresses and qasiy – garments with woven stripes of silk.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5390)

2. From Ibn Abbaas, who said: “I was forbidden (to wear) red garments and gold rings, and to recite Quran in rukoo’.” 
(Narrated by al-Nasaai, no. 5171. Imam Albaani said: its isnaad is sahih. Saheeh Sunan al-Nasaai, 1068).

3. From Abd-Allaah ibn Amr ibn al-Aas (may Allaah be pleased with them both), who said: “A man passed by the Prophet SAWS wearing two red garments and greeted him with salaam, but he SAWS did not return the greeting.” 
(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2731; Abu Dawood, no. 3574. Al-Tirmidhi said: this hadeeth is hasan ghareeb with this isnaad).

Hadith which may be understood to mean that it is permissible to wear red if it is mixed with another colour

1. From Hilaal ibn Aamir from his father, who said: “I saw the Messenger of Allaah SAWS in Mina, giving a khutbah sitting on his mule, wearing a red cloak, and Ali was in front of him, repeating what he said (in a loud voice, so that the people could hear).” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, no. 3551; classed as sahih by al-Albaani – Sahih Sunan Abi Dawood, 767).

2. The hadeeth of al-Baraa ibn Aazib (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah SAWS was of average build. I saw him in a red hullah, and I never saw anyone more handsome than him.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 5400; Muslim, 4308).

[Red Hullah is a suit of two Yemeni garments which are woven with red and black stripes, or red and green stripes. It is described as red because of the red stripes in it.]

3. From al-Baraa, who said: “I never saw anyone who has hair wearing a red hullah and looking more handsome than the Messenger of Allah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He had hair down to his shoulders, he was broad-shouldered and was neither short nor tall.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, no. 1646. He said: in this chapter there is a report from Jaabir ibn Samurah and Abu Rimthah and Abu Juhayfah. This hadeeth is hasan saheeh…)

4. From al-Baraa who said: “The Messenger of Allaah SAWS had hair down to his earlobes. I saw him wearing a red hullah, and I have never seen anyone more handsome than him.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, no. 4072; Ibn Maajah, no. 3599. Classed as sahih by Albaani – Saheeh Sunan Abi dawood, 768).

5. Al-Bayhaqi narrated in al-Sunan: “[The Prophet] SAWS used to wear a red cloak on Eid.” 

This is the view of a number of scholars, such as al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (Fath al-Baari Sharh ala Sahih al-Bukhari, no. 5400) and Ibn al-Qayyim (Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1-137). And Allah knows bestl.

Hadith - Bukhari 7.695 (Also 7.744) Narrated Ibn Abbas, r.a.
The Prophet (saaws) said, "Whoever cannot get an Izar, can wear trousers, and whoever cannot wear sandals can wear Khuffs

 12 : Garment Should Not Hang Past Ankles 
Hadith - Al-Muwatta 48.12, Similar narration in Abu Dawood #4082 
Yahya related to me from Malik from al Ala ibn Abd ar-Rahman that his father said, "I asked Abu Said al-Khudri about the lower garment. He said that he would inform me with knowledge and that he had heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'The lower garment of the mumin should reach to the middle of his calves. There is no harm in what is between that and the ankles. What is lower than that is in the Fire. What is lower than that is in the Fire. On the Day of Rising, Allah will not look at a person who trails his lower garment in arrogance.' 

Hadith - Sahih Al-Bukhari 7.678, Narrated Abu Huraira, r.a. 
The Prophet (saaws) said, "The part of an Izar which hangs below the ankles is in the Fire.
Hadith - Sunan of Abu Dawood, Narrated AbuJurayy Jabir ibn Salim al-Hujaymi 

The Prophet saaws said, "Have your lower garment halfway down your shin; if you cannot do it, have it up to the ankles. Beware of trailing the lower garment, for it is conceit and Allah does not like conceit." 

13: Do Not wear images

Like humans, animals, or insects  on your cloth

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