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Thursday, June 14, 2018

Zakaah on a deposit paid to a school, rental or phone company, or to show commitment when entering into bidding...

Does one has to pay Zakat on a "Refundable Deposit" paid to a school for his child admission?
Also note that the refundable deposit will be returned if the child leaves the school, so in this case one is not intending to withdraw the child from the school for the next 4-years ?

Is Zakat applicable to the amount which is lying with the school ?

Published Date: 2016-12-17
Praise be to Allah

Money that a person puts down as a deposit for a school, or when entering into bidding, or for a phone company, and the like, is subject to further discussion:

1.     If it is held temporarily, then he must pay zakaah on it along with the rest of his wealth, if it reaches the nisaab (minimum threshold at which zakaah becomes due) by itself or when other cash, gold or silver is added to it.

2.     If it is held permanently or for a number of years, then he should pay zakaah on it once, when he takes it back, because it comes under the same heading as a debt for which one has no hope of repayment, or wealth that is not under one’s control.

It says in a statement of the Islamic Fiqh Council (no. 143 (1/16)), concerning zakaah on restricted-access accounts, Islamic insurance companies, money paid as insurance and end-of-contract bonuses:

The International Islamic Fiqh Council, belonging to the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC), met in its sixteenth session in Dubai (in the United Arab Emirates), 30 Safar-5 Rabee‘ al-Awwal 1426 AH (9-14 April 2005 CE).

After studying the research papers submitted to the Council on the topic of zakaah on restricted-access accounts, Islamic insurance companies, money paid as insurance and end-of-contract bonuses, and after listening to the discussion that took place on this topic, the following was determined:

1.     Zakaah on investment accounts:

(a)  Zakaah must be paid on the deposits in investment accounts and on the profits thereon, by the holders of these accounts, if they fulfil the conditions of zakaah, whether they are long- or short-term investments, and even if no withdrawal of the deposit is permitted because of restrictions imposed by the investment company or by the account holder.

(b) Zakaah must be given on current accounts. It makes no difference whether the money is being saved for something the account holder needs or to carry out investment projects, unless it is for the purpose of paying off debts that he owes.

2.     Zakaah on accounts that are kept for the purpose of business transactions:

(a)  Money that is offered to show commitment when bidding on a project (i.e., a sum of money that is offered to confirm a binding promise, in order to cover any harm or loss that may result from not fulfilling the promise), if it is not deposited in an investment account, and money that is offered as an initial security when entering into bidding is to be deducted from zakaatable funds held by the organisation where the money is deposited, and the owner must pay zakaah on it, along with other wealth that he possesses. If many years have passed since it was deposited, zakaah is to be paid on it for one year when it is given back to its owners. But if this money is in an investment account, then clause 1(a) is applicable to it.

(b) Deposits kept when bidding on a project, security deposits that are taken from individuals and companies in return for specific services such as phone and electricity services, and security deposits when renting places or equipment are subject to zakaah, to be given by the one who paid these deposits; he should give one year’s zakaah when he takes the deposit back.

(c)  A downpayment is not to be deducted by the seller from other wealth  of his on which zakaah is due; rather he must give zakaah on it, because he has taken possession of it, regardless of whether the purchaser cancels the deal or goes ahead with it.

3.     Legal deposit

This is what special bodies or government departments stipulate must be deposited in the bank in order to issue a licence to the company. If it is held on a temporary basis, then the company should pay zakaah on it, along with other wealth it owns. If it is kept permanently, then the company should pay zakaah for one year when it is returned to them.

End quote from Qaraaraat wa Tawsiyaat Majma‘ al-Fiqh al-Islami (p. 265).

Council’s website:

http://www.iifaaifi.org/2171.html

This was also stated in al-Ma‘aayeer ash-Shar‘iyyah. See: Mi‘yaar az-Zakaah (p. 573).

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about orphans who have wealth that is deposited in the bank, and they cannot access it until they reach the age of maturity.

The reply: … Based on that, zakaah must be paid on the wealth of these orphans who are minors. But if it is in the bank and the bank is refusing to give it to them, and they cannot take it out of the bank, then no zakaah is due during the period in which the bank is withholding it, because they are not able to make use of their wealth. Therefore it is like a debt that is owed by someone who is not able to repay. But once they receive it from the bank, they must give zakaah of one year only.

End quote from Noor ‘ala ad-Darb.

And Allah knows best.

Islam Q&A
https://islamqa.info/en/250818

Saturday, June 2, 2018

Quran confirms evolution and human African roots - There Is No Clash



Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmathullah Wa Barakathuhu.... Dear Brother, please take some time to view this video about believing or sharing whatever we GOOD we see [particularly by non - Muslim sources]. This is the video. May Allah azza wa jal save us from such temptations without validating it.


This is the video that brother John Fontain refers to in this video:
https://quran-sunnah-shaffi.blogspot.com/2018/06/warning-there-is-no-clash-islaam.html#links

Jizak Allahu Khairan

WARNING! THERE IS NO CLASH (Islaam)

Saturday, April 14, 2018

Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj

What is the ruling on Celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj, which is the twenty-seventh night of Rajab?.

Published Date: 2014-05-25

Praise be to Allaah.

There is no doubt that the Isra’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the greatness of his status before Allaah. They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allaah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]

Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al‑Masjid Al‑Haraam (at Makkah) to Al‑Masjid Al‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Seer”

[al-Isra’ 17:1] 

There are mutawaatir reports from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that he was taken up into the heavens, and their gates were opened for him, until he passed beyond the seventh heaven, where his Lord spoke to him as He willed, and enjoined the five daily prayers upon him. At first Allaah, may He be exalted, enjoined fifty prayers, but our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kept going back and asking Him to reduce it, until He made them five, so they are five obligatory prayers but fifty in reward, because each good deed is rewarded tenfold. To Allaah be praise and thanks for all His blessings.

With regard to this night on which the Isra’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) according to the scholars of hadeeth. Allaah has wise reasons for causing the people to forget it. Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way. If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us. They narrated from their Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) everything that his ummah needs to know, and they did not neglect any aspect of the religion, rather they were the first ones to do anything good. If celebrating this night had been prescribed in Islam, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the most sincere of people, and he conveyed the message to the people in full, and he fulfilled the trust. If venerating and celebrating this night were part of the religion of Allaah, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have done that and would not have concealed it. Since no such thing happened, it is known that celebrating it and venerating it is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected this ummah’s religion for it and has completed His favour upon them, and He condemns those who introduce things into the religion which Allaah has not ordained. Allaah says in His holy Book, in Soorat al-Maa’idah (interpretation of the meaning):

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”

[al-Maa’idah 5:3] 

And Allaah says in Soorat al-Shoora (interpretation of the meaning): 
“Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?”

[al-Shoora 42:21] 

In the saheeh ahaadeeth it is proven that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against bid’ah (innovation) and stated clearly that it is misguidance, so as to show the ummah how serious the matter is and put them off it.

For example, it is narrated in al-Saheehayn from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected.” In a report narrated by Muslim it says: “Whoever does any action that is not part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.” 

In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say in his khutbah on Friday: “The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” Al-Nasaa’i added with a jayyid isnaad: “and every going astray will be in the Fire.” 

In al-Sunan it is narrated that al-‘Irbaad ibn Saariyah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) delivered an eloquent speech to us which melted our hearts and caused our eyes to flow with tears. We said: O Messenger of Allaah, it is as if it is a farewell address, so advise us. He said: “I advise you to fear Allaah, and to listen and obey, even if a slave is appointed over you. Whoever among you lives will see many differences, so I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided caliphs who will come after me, and cling firmly to it. Beware of newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray. And there are many ahaadeeth with a similar meaning.

Warnings against bid’ah (innovation) have been narrated from the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and from the righteous salaf after them, because this is no more than adding things to the religion and instituting a religion that Allaah has not ordained, and it is an imitation of the enemies of Allaah, the Jews and the Christians, in their additions to their religions and introducing into them things that Allaah had not ordained. It also implies that there is something lacking in Islam, and that it is not complete, and it is well known that this leads to great mischief and evil, and goes against the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”

[al-Maa’idah 5:3] 

It also goes against the ahaadeeth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which warn against innovation (bid’ah).

I hope that the evidence we have quoted will be sufficient to convince the seeker of truth that this bid’ah is wrong, i.e., the innovation of celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj, and that it is not part of the religion of Islam at all.

Because Allaah has enjoined being sincere towards the Muslims and explaining what Allaah has prescribed for them in their religion, and because it is haraam to conceal knowledge, I thought that I should point out this innovation, which is so widespread in many regions that people think it is part of the religion, to my Muslim brothers. Allaah is the One Whom we ask to set the affairs of all the Muslims straight, and to bless them with knowledge of Islam, and to help us and them to adhere steadfastly to the truth, and to forsake everything that goes against it, for He is able to do that. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon His slave and Messenger, our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and companions.

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him).

Source: https://islamqa.info/en/60288

Islam QA

Jizak Allahu Khairan

நபி ஸல் அவர்கள் மிஃராஜ் சென்றது ரஜப் மாதத்திலா