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Tuesday, February 16, 2010

Ruling on Alcohols

Eating Food Cooked with Alcohol

It is not permissible to eat dishes cooked with alcohol, as ALL the alcohol is not evaporated with cooking or heat.

Many people believe that because alcohol is sensitive to heat, it is eliminated with cooking. However, not all the alcohol content of alcoholic drinks is removed with heat; it depends on the type and time of cooking.

For instance if you add beer or wine to boiling liquid, then immediately remove it from the heat, 85 per cent of the alcohol content will remain. If you light the alcohol, as in flambe dishes, 75 per cent will remain. Even after simmering the dish for one and a half hours, it will still have 20 per cent of the original alcohol content.

It is only if you simmer the mixture for two or more hours, (as you would with a wine-based beef casserole), that as little as five to 10 per cent of the original alcohol content remains.

Conclusion : No

Why is it Forbidden to Drink Alcohol ?

No doubt alcohol is intoxicating, and contains this substance that makes people lose their minds.

It says in the hadeeth, “Every intoxicant is khamr, and every khamr is haraam (forbidden).” If this is the case, then alcohol is considered to be forbidden and to come under the heading of “khamr”(wine, etc.) which people drink for relaxation or enjoyment.

Allaah has forbidden it and stated that it is a sin, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“They ask you (O Muhammad) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say: ‘In them is a great sin, and (some) benefits for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit’”
[al-Baqarah 2:219]

If sin is present and it is great, then it is forbidden. Undoubtedly this alcohol is harmful to the mind and body, and Allaah has forbidden everything that harms the body and mind, and saps the strength.

Everything that is harmful to a person is not permitted, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And do not kill yourselves”
[al-Nisaa 4:29]

“and do not throw yourselves into destruction”
[al-Baqarah 2:195]

And because this is an extravagant waste of money, an action of the spendthrift which comes under the words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayaateen (devils)
[al-Israa 17:27]

Using alcohol in ways other than drinking it may be permitted if small amounts are used, such as mixing it with perfumes that are used on clothes or the body, because it keeps them from spoiling, and because it keeps the clothes clean. This is OK, but drinking it is not permissible under any circumstances.

Is it permissible to live with someone who drinks alcohol?

I am a student in the university, and I live with some other students in a room in the student dorms on campus. I do not have the right to move from this room, and I am forced to stay here. The students that live with me say that they drink beer. Is there any sin involved if I sit with them or eat with them or talk to them?

If it is known for sure that they are drinking intoxicants, then keep away from them in the dorm as much as you can, if they do not accept your advice to them to give up this evil action.

If you cannot leave the dorm, then avoid sitting with them, talking to them and eating with them unless it is essential, otherwise you will be sinning.

Ruling on going to parties where there is alcohol and music

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): "… And if Shaytaan causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not in the company of those people who are the zaalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.)." [al-Anaam 6:68]

Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Whoever believes in Allaah and the last day, should not sit at a table where wine is being served."
(Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2801; classed as saheeh in Saheeh al-Jaami', 6506).

Abu Saeed al-Khudri said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: 'Allaah will ask His slave on the Day of Resurrection until He says: What prevented you, when you saw something evil, from denouncing it?'"

I think that now, my brother, you will know the ruling concerning going to parties where there is wine and other evils. When the believer sits in such gatherings it is as if his heart dies from merely seeing what is going on and saying anything about it, even if he himself does not partake of it.

Ruling Concerning a Woman Remaining with Her Alcoholic Husband

This is something that definitely needs to be taken up in the courts of law. One should not remain with an alcoholic as he harms his wife and his children.

One should remain away from him unless Allah guides him and he returns to what is correct.

If the judge separates the two, usually, the children are given over to the mother as she is most qualified for them while he is not qualified. As long as he has the problem of being an alcoholic, he is not suited to bring up his children as he will destroy and ruin them.

Therefore, she has more right to her children than him, even if they be boys. This is what is usually done by the judges and this is what is obligatory. The children must be with her because she is better than him and he is an evildoer.

If she refuses to go back to him, she has done well, as such a living condition is harmful and dangerous for her.

If he also does not pray, then it is obligatory not to return to him for the one who abandons the prayer is a disbeliever-- and protection is sought from Allah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "The covenant between us and them is the prayer. Whoever abandons it has committed disbelief."l

It is not obligatory to remain with the one who does not pray.2
"They are not lawful [wives] for the disbelievers nor are the disbelievers lawful [husbands] for them" (al-Mumtahina 10).

[That is,] until Allah guides them and they repent. The woman should go to her family or stay with her children and not let her husband come to them until he repents to Allah and returns to what is right.

If he prays but drinks alcohol, then that is a great sin and great crime.

However, he is not a disbeliever but an evildoer.

The woman has the right to prevent him from her and to leave him. She is excused for that act. If she remains patient and has the ability to be patient, there is no harm in that option either.

Shaikh ibn Baz
1. Recorded by Ahmad, al-Nasal, al-Tirmidhi and ibn Majah. Al-Albani calls it sahih. Al-Albani, Sahih al-Jami, vol. 2, p. 760 .
2. This sentence, as is clear from the remainder of the response, must not be misunderstood. It does not mean that one may stay with one who does not pray if one wishes to do so. It is not an option to remain with a husband who has been deemed a disbeliever.

She has received a marriage proposal from someone who drinks alcohol

Is it sinful to accept a proposal for marriage from a Muslim man who consumes alcohol on a social basis. I detest alcohol and think it is the root of all evil, but I have been approached with this proposal, but am hesitant because of this issue. Please advise.

Shaykh Abd-Allaah ibn Qaood answered this question for us and said:
It is better not to marry him, but if she does marry him, that is permissible.

Is it permissible to sell to drunken customers?

We put the following question to Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen:
A shopkeeper doing business in the West has Christians who come in, drunk or staggering, to buy things that are permissible. Is it permissible for him to sell to them?
He replied, may Allaah preserve him:
Yes, so long as they are Christian.

Question: Why?
It is permissible because the Christians believe that it is permissible to drink alcohol.

The question in our minds is that one of the two parties [engaged in the transaction] is not in his right mind.
Does he not know how to make a purchase?

There are different types of drunkenness: a person may or may not be aware that he is buying something.
If they are in such a state that they do not know (what they are doing), then it is NOT permissible to deal with them.

But if he is drunk and does know what he is doing?
Then there is nothing wrong with it, as it says in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):
“Approach not As-Salaah (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning) of what you utter” [al-Nisaa’ 4:43]

Students working in restaurants that serve alcohol and pork

If a Muslim cannot find work that is permissible according to shareeah, he may work in restaurants run by kaafirs, so long as he himself does not directly deal with pouring wine or carrying it or making it or selling it.

The same applies to serving pork and other haraam things.

What should a muslim wife do if her husband drinks alcohol

Firstly, we advise this husband to repent to Allaah from drinking alcohol, because drinking alcohol is haraam according to the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the consensus of the Muslims. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and Al Ansaab [stone altars for offering sacrifices to idols etc.], and Al Azlaam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaytaan’s (Satan’s) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful.

Shaytaan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allaah and from As‑Salaah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain?

And obey Allaah and the Messenger (Muhammad), and beware (of even coming near to drinking or gambling or Al‑Ansaab, or Al‑Azlaam) and fear Allaah. Then if you turn away, you should know that it is Our Messenger’s duty to convey (the Message) in the clearest way” [al-Maa'idah 5:90-92]

It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every intoxicant is liquor and every liquor is haraam.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Ashribah 3735)

The scholars are unanimously agreed, with no dispute on this matter. Some of the scholars even considered the prohibition of alcohol to be one of the most well known teachings of Islam (ignorance of which is inexcusable). So our advice to him is that he should give up drinking alcohol, and be content with [?] that which Allaah has permitted to him of good drinks, and not seek that which Allaah has forbidden. Alcohol is the mother of evil and the key to all evil. Allaah has issued a stern warning to those who drink it and do not repent from that. It was narrated from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has made a covenant to those who drink alcohol, that He will make them drink teenat al-khabaal.” They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, what is teenat al-khabaal?” He said, “The sweat of the people of Hell,” or, “The juice of the people of Hell.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Ashribah, 3732)

It is easy to give it up if one is sincere and determined, and seeks the help of Allaah, may He be exalted.

With regard to yourself, there is no sin on you if your husband drinks alcohol, because a person will not be brought to account for the sins of another. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And no bearer of burdens shall bear another’s burden”[Faatir 35:18]

Rather, you will be rewarded for your sincere advice to your husband. Your living with him is not haraam, because drinking alcohol does not make him a kaafir. So keep on calling him, advising him and making du’aa’ for him, and may Allaah cause him to repent. If your keeping away from him in bed will serve the purpose of deterring him and making give up alcohol, then it is permissible, but if it will not achieve anything, then do not do it.

to be contd....Insha Allah
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