Sunday, June 14, 2009
Miracles of Quraan (part 2)
In the name of Allah, the Most-Merciful, the All-Compassionate
"May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon You"
06. Sun will extinguish
The light of the sun is due to a chemical process on its surface that has been taking place continuously for the past five billion years. It will come to an end at some point of time in the future, when the sun will be totally extinguished, leading to extinction of all life on earth.
Regarding the impermanence of the sun’s existence, the Quran says:
“And the Sun runs its course for a period determined for it; that is the decree of (Him) the exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.”
The Arabic word used here is "mustaqarr", which means a place or time that is determined. Thus the Quran says that the sun runs towards a determined place, and will do so only up to a pre-determined period of time – meaning that it will end or extinguish.
07. Every Living thing is made of water
We know today that all living things are made of water which is stated in The Quran
...We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?
08. Matter in Space
Space outside organized astronomical systems was earlier assumed to be a vacuum. Astrophysicists later discovered the presence of bridges of matter in this interstellar space. These bridges of matter are called plasma, and consist of completely ionized gas containing equal number of free electrons and positive ions. Plasma is sometimes called the fourth state of matter (besides the three known states viz. solid, liquid and gas).
The Quran refers to the presence of this interstellar material in the following verse:
“He Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between.”
It would be ridiculous for anyone to even suggest that the presence of interstellar galactic material was known 1400 years ago!
09. The Universe is expanding
In 1925, American astronomer Edwin Hubble, provided observational evidence that all galaxies are moving away from one another, which implies that the universe is expanding. The expansion of the universe is now an established scientific fact.
This is what the Quran says regarding the nature of the universe:
“With power and skill did We construct the Firmament: For it is We Who create the vastness of Space.”
The Arabic word "musioon" is correctly translated as ‘expanding it’, and it refers to the creation of the expanding vastness of the universe. So it can also be translated as
“With power and skill did We construct the Firmament: it is We Who are steadily expanding it.(Quraan, 51:47)
One of the greatest astrophysicist Stephen Hawking, in his book, ‘A Brief History of Time’, says, “The discovery that the universe is expanding was one of the great intellectual revolutions of the 20th century.”
The Quran mentioned the expansion of the universe, before man even learnt to build a telescope!
10. Things smaller than an atom
In ancient times a well-known theory by the name of ‘Theory of Atomism’ was widely accepted. This theory was originally proposed by the Greeks, in particular by a scholar called Democritus, who lived about 23 centuries ago. Democritus and the people that came after him, assumed that the smallest unit of matter was the atom. The ancient Arabs used to believe the same.
The Arabic word zarrah most commonly meant an atom. In recent times modern science has discovered that it is possible to split even an atom. That the atom can be split further is a development of the 20th century.
Fourteen centuries ago this concept would have appeared unusual even to an Arab. For him the zarrah was the limit beyond which one could not go.
The following Quranic verse however, refuses to acknowledge this limit:
“The Unbelievers say, ‘Never to us will come The Hour’: say, ‘Nay! but most surely, by my Lord, it will come upon you – by Him Who knows the unseen – from Whom is not hidden the least little atom in the Heavens or on earth: nor is there anything less than that, or greater, but is in the Record Perspicuous.’”
A similar thing is said in Quran (10:61)
This verse also refers to the Omniscience of God, His knowledge of all things, hidden or apparent. It then goes further and says that God is aware of everything, including what is smaller or bigger than the atom. Thus the verse clearly shows that it is possible for something smaller than the atom to exist, a fact discovered only recently by modern science.
more contd .....(Insha Allah)